Summit II Resource/Policy Papers
All communities are not created equal. After much prodding from environmental justice advocates, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) acknowledged its mandate to protect all Americans. The EPA defines environmental justice as: "The fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies. Fair treatment means that no group of people, including racial, ethnic, or socio-economic groups should bear a disproportionate share of the negative environmental consequences resulting from industrial, municipal, and commercial operations or the execution of federal, state, local, and tribal programs and policies."
In order to have substantive resource materials going into and coming out of the Summit II, a national call for papers was made resulting in over two-dozen papers. The resource papers were written by the nation's leading academics, policy analysts, legal scholars, health experts, and practitioners. The papers are designed for use in the Summit II general sessions, workshops, hands-on training, and meeting deliberations. The Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark University coordinated the commissioned resource papers series and prepared the report summaries. A table of content for these papers follows below:
SUBURBAN SPRAWL, TRANSPORTATION EQUITY, AND SMART GROWTH
"Growing Smarter: Building Equity into a Fair Growth Agenda." Robert D. Bullard, Glenn S. Johnson, and Angel O. Torres, Clark Atlanta University.
"Transportation Justice for All: Addressing Equity in the 21st Century." Robert D. Bullard, Glenn S. Johnson, and Angel O. Torres, Clark Atlanta University.
"TEA-21 and Environmental Justice." Nancy Jakowitsch, Surface Transportation Policy Project.
"Brownfields Neighborhoods Revitalization." Juliet Ellis, Charles L. Mason, Jr., Bhavna Shamasunder, Catalina Garzon, Urban Habitat Program, Inc.
"Environmental Reparations for Sustainability and Justice: Why We Cannot Wait." Robin Morris Collin, Williamette University College of Law and Robert W. Collin, University of Oregon.
"Promoting Community Building Through Collaborative Environmental Justice Legal Strategies and Funding Approaches." Deeohn Ferris, Global Environmental Resources, Inc.
PUBLIC HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT
"Health and Environmental Justice." Balius Walker, Jr., Howard University College of Medicine and Reuben C. Warren, and Stephanie Miles-Richardson, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
"Policy Directives Toward The Protection of Children's Health in School Environments." Nsedu Obot Witherspoon, Children's Environmental Health Network.
"Lead Poisoning in Our Communities." Janet A. Phoenix, Environmental Health Center of the National Safety Council.
"Childhood Asthma Policy and Housing." Janet A. Phoenix, Environmental Health Center of the National Safety Council and and Nsedu Obot Witherspoon, Children Environmental Health Network.
"Breathe at Your Own Risk: Dirty Diesels, Environmental Health and Justice." Swati R. Praskash, West Harlem Environmental Action, Inc.
"Genomic Justice." Jose Morales, Public Interest Biotechnology.
LAND USE, LAND RIGHTS, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
"Equal Access to California's Beaches." Robert Garcia, The City Project at the Center for Law in the Public Interest.
"Environmental Justice and Sustainable Agriculture: Linking Ecological and Social Sides of Sustainability." Devon G. Pena, University of Washington.
"Dimensions of Environmental Justice in Indian Country and Native Alaska." Dean B. Suagee, First Nations Environmental Action, Inc.
"Neighborhood Relocation: Community Issues, Existing Options and New Ideas." Michael J. Lythcott, The Lythcott Company.
"Environmental Justice Issues and Chicano/a Land Grants." Ruben Martinez, University of Texas, San Antonio.
"Vieques, Puerto Rico in Focus Environmental and Health Impacts of Navy Training A Crisis and Its Causes." Deborah Santana, Mills College, Cruz Maria Nazario, University of Puerto Rico, and John Lindsay-Poland, Fellowship of Reconciliation Task Force on Latin America and the Carribbean.
WORKERS AND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY
"Just Transition Alliance: Frontline Workers and Fenceline Communities United for Justice." Jenice L. View, Just Transition Alliance.
"Farmworker Safety and Health." Teresa Niedda and Joan Flocks, Farmworker Health and Safety Institute and University of Florida.
"Community-University Initiatives for the Establishment of Urban Environmental Education Centers to Assist Stakeholder Communities Major Environmental Justice Issues Associated with Urban Colleges and Universities." David A. Padgett, Tennessee State University.
"Reorienting Environmental Education for Environmental Justice." Running Grass, Three Circles Center for Multicultural Environmental Education, and Julian Agyeman, Tufts University.
ENERGY, CLIMATE JUSTICE, AND GLOBALIZATION
"Power Plant Pollution, Public Policy and People of Color." Felicia Davis, Georgia Coalition for the People's Agenda.
"Indigenous Peoples and Renewable Energy: Thinking Locally, Acting Globally - A Modest Native Proposal for Climate Justice from the Northern Great Plains." Robert Gough, Intertribal Council on Utility Policy.
"Ten Actions and Climate Justice Policies." Ansje Miller and Cody Sisco, Environmental Justice and Climate Change Initiative.
"Global Poverty, Pollution, and Public Health," Robert D. Bullard Clark Atlanta University, and Damu Smith, National Black Environmental Justice Network (NBEJN).