Environmental Health and Racial Equity: Building Environmentally Just, Sustainable, and Livable Communities. 2011.
By Robert D. Bullard, Glenn S. Johnson, and Angel O. Torres
People of color and those with lower income and wealth have long borne an unequal burden of environmental health threats in the United States compared to the general population, according to a new just-released book. Environmental Health and Racial Equity: Building Environmentally Just, Sustainable, and Livable Communities, published by APHA Press and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, examines the relationship between a community’s physical environment and health burdens.
The book captures the current state of the environmental justice movement and its work around health and racial equity over the past 25 years. While mounting grassroots mobilization efforts over the past three decades has resulted in protective new laws and regulations, minority neighborhoods continue to serve as “dumping grounds” for polluting facilities, according to the book.

Race, Place, and Environmental Justice After Hurricane Katrina: Struggles to Reclaim, Rebuild, and Revitalize New Orleans and the Gulf Coast. 2009
By Robert Bullard and Beverly Wright
On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall near New Orleans leaving death and destruction across the Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama Gulf Coast counties. The lethargic and inept emergency response that followed exposed institutional flaws, poor planning, and false assumptions that are built into the emergency response and homeland security plans and programs. Questions linger: What went wrong? Can it happen again? Is our government equipped to plan for, mitigate, respond to, and recover from natural and manmade disasters? Can the public trust government response to be fair? Does race matter? Racial disparities exist in disaster response, cleanup, rebuilding, reconstruction, and recovery. Race plays out in natural disaster survivors’ ability to rebuild, replace infrastructure, obtain loans, and locate temporary and permanent housing. Generally, low-income and people of color disaster victims spend more time in temporary housing, shelters, trailers, mobile homes, and hotels-and are more vulnerable to permanent displacement. Some “temporary” homes have not proved to be that temporary. In exploring the geography of vulnerability, this book asks why some communities get left behind economically, spatially, and physically before and after disasters strike. Publishing date Feb 23, 2009. US $32.00 (Paperback). ISBN: 9780813344249. Published by Westview Press.


The Black Metropolis in the Twenty-First Century: Race, Power, and Politics of Place. 2007
Edited by Robert D. Bullard

This book brings together key essays that seek to make visible and expand our understanding of the role of government (policies, programs, and investments) in shaping cities and metropolitan regions; the costs and consequences of uneven urban and regional growth patterns; suburban sprawl and public health, transportation, and economic development; and the enduring connection of place, space, and race in the era of increased globalization. Whether intended or unintended, many government policies (housing, transportation, land use, environmental, economic development, education, etc.) have aided and in some cases subsidized suburban sprawl, job flight, and spatial mismatch; concentrated urban poverty; and heightened racial and economic disparities. For ordering information please visit Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. Price $27.95 (0-7425-4329-3) (PAPER).

Growing Smarter: Achieving Livable Communities, Environmental Justice, and Regional Equity. 2007
Edited by Robert D. Bullard

The contributors to Growing Smarter--urban planners, sociologists, economists, educators, lawyers, health professionals, and environmentalists--all place equity at the center of their analyses of "place, space, and race." They consider such topics as the social and environmental effects of sprawl, the relationship between sprawl and concentrated poverty, and community-based regionalism that can link cities and suburbs. They examine specific cases that illustrate opportunities for integrating environmental justice concerns into smart growth efforts, including the dynamics of sprawl in a South Carolina county, the debate over the rebuilding of New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina, and transportation-related pollution in Northern Manhattan. Growing Smarter illuminates the growing racial and class divisions in metropolitan areas today--and suggests workable strategies to address them. For ordering information please visit MIT Press. Price $27.00 (0-262-52470-8)


The Quest For Environmental Justice: Human Rights and the Politics of Pollution. 2005
Edited by Robert D. Bullard

In 1994, Sierra Club Books was proud to publish Dr. Robert D. Bullard's Unequal Protection: Environmental Justice and Communities of Color, a collection of essays contributed by some of the leading participants in the First National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit, which focused attention on "environmental racism"--racial discrimination in environmental policymaking and the enforcement of environmental protection laws and regulations. Now, picking up where that groundbreaking anthology left off, Dr. Bullard has assembled a new collection of essays that capture the voices of frontline warriors who are battling environmental injustice and human rights abuses at the grassroots level around the world and challenging government and industry policies and globalization trends that place people of color and the poor at special risk.

Part I presents an overview of the early environmental justice movement and highlights key leadership roles assumed by women activists.

Part II examines the lives of people living in "sacrifice zones"--toxic corridors (such as Louisiana's infamous "Cancer Alley") where high concentrations of polluting industries are found. Part III explores land use, land rights, resource extraction, and sustainable development conflicts, including Chicano struggles in America's Southwest. Part IV examines human rights and global justice issues, including an analysis of South Africa's legacy of environmental racism and the corruption and continuing violence plaguing the oil-rich Niger delta.

Together, the diverse contributors to this much-anticipated follow-up anthology present an inspiring and illuminating picture of the environmental justice movement in the first decade of the twenty-first century.

$18.95 1-57805-120-7


(Robert D. Bullard, Glenn S. Johnson, and Angel O. Torres)

In the United States all communities do not receive the same benefits from transportation advancements and investments. Transportation spending has always been about opportunity and equity. The modern civil rights movement has its roots in transportation. For more than a century, African Americans and other people of color have struggled to dismantle transportation policies that promote and exacerbate racial and economic disparities and social exclusion. The decision to build highways, expressways, and beltways has far-reaching effects on land use, energy policy, and the environment. Similarly, the decisions by county commissioners to limit and even exclude public transit to job-rich suburban economic activity center have serious mobility implications for central city residents. In an introduction and nine chapters, Highway Robbery presents real case studies that call into question the fairness and legality of many of our nation's transportation policies, practices, and procedures and offers corrective solutions. For ordering information please visit the South End Press 0-89608-704-2 $18.00 (PAPER).


(Julian Agyeman, Robert D. Bullard and Bob Evans)

Environmental activists and academics alike are realizing that a sustainable society must be a just one. Environmental degradation is almost always linked to questions of human equality and quality of life. Throughout the world, those segments of the population that have the least political power and are the most marginalized are selectively victimized by environmental crises.

Just Sustainabilities argues that social and environmental justice within and between nations should be an integral part of the policies and agreements that promote sustainable development. The book addresses many aspects of the links between environmental quality and human equality and between sustainability and environmental justice more generally. The topics discussed include anthropocentrism; biotechnology; bioprospecting; biocultural assimilation; deep and radical ecology; ecological debt; ecological democracy; ecological footprints; ecological modernization; feminism and gender; globalization; participatory research; place, identity, and legal rights; precaution; risk society; selective victimization; and valuation.

For ordering information please visit The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-51131-2. $24.95 (PAPER)


(Robert D. Bullard, Glenn S. Johnson, and Angel O. Torres)

A serious but often overlooked impact of the random, unplanned growth --commonly known as "sprawl" -- that has come to dominate the American landscape is its effect on economic and racial polarization. Sprawl-fueled growth pushes people further apart geographically, politically, economically, and socially. Atlanta, Georgia is experiencing one of the most severe cases of sprawl in the country, and offers a striking example of sprawl-induced stratification. Island Press, Paper ISBN# 1559637900 $30.00

SPRAWL CITY uses a multi-disciplinary approach to analyze and critique the emerging crisis resulting from urban sprawl in the ten-county Atlanta metropolitan region. Local experts including sociologists, lawyers, urban planners, economists, educators, and health care professionals consider sprawl-related concerns as core environmental justice and civil rights issues. All of the contributors examine institutional constraint issues that are embedded in urban sprawl, considering how government policies, including housing, education, and transportation policies, have aided and in some cases subsidized separate but unequal economic development, segregated neighborhoods, and spatial layout of central cities and suburbs.
Contributors offer analysis of the causes and consequences of urban sprawl, and outline policy recommendations and an action agenda for coping with sprawl-related problems, both in Atlanta and around the country. The book illuminates the rising class and racial divisions underlying uneven growth and development, and provides an important source of information for anyone concerned with these issues, including the growing environmental justice movement as well as planners, policy analysts, public officials, community leaders, and students of public policy, geography, planning, and related disciplines.

Editors: Robert Bullard is the Ware Professor of Sociology and director of the Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University. He is author of eight books including DUMPING IN DIXIE (Westview Press, 2000) and JUST TRANSPORTATION (New Society Publishers, 1997). Glenn Johnson is assistant professor in the department of sociology, and research associate in the Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University. Angel Torres is a GIS specialist with the Environmental Justice Resource Center. To order from Island Press click here.
Review the Preface, Table of Contents, and the Contributors.


Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Quality. 3rd edition, 2000. (Robert D. Bullard).

This book examines environmental protection in the southern United States. The content areas include environmentalism and social justice, race, class, and the politics of place, dispute resolution and toxic case studies, the environmental justice movement, environmental racism revisited, and a working model of environmental justice. Review two of the chapters HERE. Contact: Westview Press HERE.
Paper ISBN# 0-8133-6792-1, $23.00. To order from click on the title.

Dumping in Dixie selected as "Top Ten" key works. The American Sociological Association Environmental and Technology Section recently selected Robert D. Bullard's Dumping in Dixie: Race and Environmental Quality (Westview Press, 3rd ed. 2000) as one of the "Top Ten" works in environmental sociology. First published in 1990, "Dumping in Dixie" was the first book to document environmental racism and chronicle the rise of the environmental justice movement. The book also received the prestigious Conservation Achievement Award from the National Wildlife Federation (1991) and the V.O. Keys Award (1995) from the Southern Political Science Association. It is the most widely cited book on environmental justice and environmental racism. The third edition (millennium edition) of the book was released in 2000.

Dumping in Dixie selected as one of the BOOKS OF THE CENTURY. Dumping in Dixie was also selected as one of the Books of the Century by the International Sociological Association.


Just Transportation: Dismantling Race and Class Barriers to Mobility. 1997 (Robert D. Bullard and Glenn S. Johnson, Forward by Congressman John Lewis). Contact: New Society Publishers, 1-800-567-6772. Paper ISBN: 0-86571-357-X $15.95.
A 45-minute "Just Transportation" video is also available from the Environmental Justice Resource Center. (404) 880-6911 or e-mail: To view video descriptionclick HERE. To order from click on the title.



Confronting Environmental Racism: Voices from the Grassroots. 1993 (Robert D. Bullard).

This edited volume contains voices from a multidisciplinary team of academics, activists, and practitioners who are on the frontline challenging environmental racism in the U.S. and abroad. Contact South End Press, 1-800-533-8478, ISBN# 0-89608-446-9, $16.00. To order from click on the title.




Unequal Protection: Environmental Justice and Communities of Color. 2nd edition, 1996. (Robert D. Bullard).

This 16-chapter anthology provides a comprehensive examination of environmental, health, social, and economic justice problems that differentially impact people of color. It also explores some of the policy initiatives that have been adopted to address environmental justice concerns. Contact Sierra Club Books, (415) 291-1600, ISBN# 0-87156-380-0, $16.00. To order from click on the title.



Residential Apartheid: The American Legacy. 1994. (Robert D. Bullard, J. Eugene Grigsby, III, and Charles Lee).

This book examines the impact of housing discrimination, residential segregation, and redlining on U.S. cities. It also explores public/private initiatives that are needed to dismantle apartheid-type housing and development policies. The book includes chapters by noted housing experts, including Joe T. Darden, Nancy Denton, Gary Dymski and John Veitch, Joe R. Feagin, Franklin J. James, Veronica Reed, Nestor Rodriguez, and Gregory Squires. Contact University of California, Los Angeles, Center for African American Studies, 1-800-206-2227, ISBN# 0-934934-43-0,$18.95.